Grade Introduction:
C60 carbon steel is an unalloyed medium carbon engineering steel that has 0.57%-0.65% Carbon as per EN10083 standard. It has characteristics similar to that of C55 carbon steel which has high hardness and high strength after hardening. C60 is difficult to weld, and machinability is poor due to high carbon content. This steel is generally supplied in an untreated or normalized condition.
Grade Application:
C60 carbon steel is an unalloyed heat treatable steel. It is mainly used for parts of mechanical and vehicle engineering. A typical application such as wheels, rims, toothed shafts, cylinders, shafts, axles, pins, screwdrivers, pliers, and similar items
Equivalent grades:
USA UK China Japan Australia
1060 070M60 60# S60C 1060
Addition to other grades:
MS, EN1A, EN3B, EN8, EN8D, EN9, EN19, EN24, EN31, EN32B, EN36C, EN41B, EN43B, EN47, EN353, IS2062, 42Crmo4, HCHCR, D2, D3, H-11, H-13, CW-1, OHNS, M2, M35, M42, DIN1.2714, P20, P20+S, P20+Ni,  SCM420, ASTMSA-36, ASTMSA-105, SAE1018, SAE4140, SAE8620, 16MNCR5, 20MNCR5, C20, C45, C50, C60, CK45, 20C8, 40C8, 45C8, 55C8, C55MN75, SAE52100, S40C, S355J2G3
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Chemical composition:
The following table shows the chemical composition of C60 steel:
Grade C Mn P S Si Cr Mo Ni Cr+Mo+Ni
C60/1.0601 0.57-0.65 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.045 ≤ 0.045 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.1 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.63
C60E/1.1221 0.57-0.65 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.03 ≤ 0.035 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.1 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.63
C60R/1.1223 0.57-0.65 0.60-0.90 ≤ 0.03 0.02-0.04 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.1 ≤ 0.4 ≤ 0.63
Mechanical Properties:
Mechanical properties at room temperature in the quenched and tempered condition (+QT)      
Diameter d mm ≤ 16 16-40 40-100
Thickness t mm < 8 8-20 20-60
Yield Strength Mpa ≥580 ≥520 ≥450
Tensile Strength Mpa 850-1000 800-950 750-900
Elongation, % ≥11 ≥13 ≥14
Reduction of area ,% ≥25 ≥30 ≥35
Mechanical properties at room temperature in the normalized condition (+N)      
Diameter d mm ≤ 16 16-100 100-250
Thickness t mm ≤ 16 16-100 100-160
Yield Strength Mpa ≥380 ≥340 ≥310
Tensile Strength Mpa ≥710 ≥670 ≥650
Elongation, % ≥10 ≥11 ≥101
Heat treatment:
  • Hardening:810 – 850°C, water or oil quench
  • Tempering:550 – 660°C, Cooling in air
Physical Properties:
Physical Properties Metric Imperial
Density 7.85 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3
Thermal Properties:
Forging Properties:
C60 steel forging temperature:900 – 1100°C, cooling as slowly as possible in the sand after forged.
Stress Reliving:
820 – 880°C, Cooling in air.
680 – 710°C, Cooling in the furnace.
Density 7.85 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3
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