What is meant by EN8 material?
EN8 steel is an extremely solidifying medium carbon steel that’s generally employed for making axles, shafts, threads, jolts, and superstuds.
EN8 is a spring steel. It has medium carbon content which gives it better mechanical proprieties than mild steel and a low alloy content which makes it fairly straightforward to work with and heat treat.
It is commonly found as bright drawn bars and is frequently used for things like shafts in transmission systems where good strength, toughness and moderate surface hardness are required.
In its annealed state it is reasonably easy to grind, cut and machine and can be hardened by heat treating or induction hardening without too much difficulty.
EN8 is a very popular grade of unalloyed medium carbon steel, which is readily machinable in any condition. It is a medium strength steel and has good tensile strength.
EN8 is suitable for the manufacture of parts such as general-purpose axles and shafts, gears, bolts and studs, stressed pins, keys etc. It can be further surface hardened by induction processes, producing components with enhanced wear resistance.
What are the two methods to improve the properties of EN8 steel materials?
Steel properties are typically improved by the use of secondary refining processes during steelmaking. Methods such as vacuum arc degassing (VAD), vacuum induction melting (VIM), and electroslag remelting (ESR) remove impurities from the steel resulting in improved toughness and other properties. After the steel is cast, a wrought structure is imparted by reducing the section of the ingot through rolling or forging. A minimum reduction ratio of 3:1 or 5:1 is usually required. Hot working improves the properties by breaking up the cast structure, reducing segregation, and closing voids. After the steel is produced, heat treatments such as annealing, normalizing, and quench-and-temper are used to obtain the desired mechanical properties.
How do you differentiate the steel and non-steel materials based on their properties and examples?
Steel is an alloy, made up of iron with typically a few tenths of a percent of carbon to improve its strength and fracture resistance compared to other forms of iron. Steel has a number of properties, including hardness, toughness, tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, fatigue strength, corrosion, plasticity, malleability and creep. We find different types of steel: Carbon steel; Stainless steel; Alloy steel; Tool steel.
Nonsteel materials are those metals that do not have iron or iron components. Nonsteel materials are poor conductors of heat and electricity except Graphite. They do not possess metallic luster. Nonsteel materials are not sonorous, they do not produce a ringing sound. Nonsteel materials possess no malleability. Hydrogen, chlorine, fluorine, carbon, nitrogen, arsenic, phosphorus, selenium are examples of non-metal.
EN8 is very suitable for welding.
EN8 (080M40) can be easily welded to form a strong joint and because the current product contains much less carbon than in previous versions, material up to 18mm in thickness can be welded. It is possible to weld EN8 at greater thicknesses than 18mm, but it would require a pre-heat treatment to prevent cracking.
What type of steel is EN8?
It is an unalloyed medium carbon Steel.
EN8: unalloyed medium carbon Steel (BS 970 080m40) has high strength levels compared to normal bright mild steel, due to thermo-mechanical rolling. EN8 is suitable for all round engineering purposes that may require a steel of greater strength.
How strong is EN8 steel?
EN8 is an unalloyed medium carbon steel grade with reasonable tensile strength. It is normally supplied in the cold drawn or as rolled condition. Tensile properties can vary but are usually between 500-800 N/mm².
Application of EN8 Steel:
EN-8 steel is an unalloyed medium carbon steel, with improve strength, through hardening. EN8 steels also readily machinable in any conditions. It has aggressed variety of applications ranging for tiny needle to ship building and structural applications and surgical instruments. Steel is globally accepted as primary used material for construction of military vehicle. Military vehicle is commonly armored to withstand the impact of sharpnel, bullets, missiles or shells, protecting the personal inside from enemy fire. Such vehicle includes armored fighting like tanks, aircrafts and ships.
In structural material such as trusses and beams, and in non-structural materials such as grills, doors, windows etc. In steel pipe, tanks, in sanitary and sewer fitting and reinforcement for concrete etc. EN8 steel material is suitable for the all engineering application requiring higher strength than mild steel.
Why EN8 steel is suitable?
EN8 Steel is a very popular grade of unalloyed medium carbon steel which is readily machinable in any conditions. EN8 is suitable for the manufacturing of parts such as general-purpose axles and shaft, bolts and studs. It can be surface hardened by induction hardening process, producing components with enhanced wear resistance. EN8 in its, heat treated forms possesses good homogeneous metallurgical structure and giving consistent machining properties.
It is suitable for shafts, medium torque shafts. Typical applications including shaft, studs, bolts, connecting rods, screws, rollers, hydraulic rams having. It is mostly used in automobile parts and machine building industries. EN8 steel having carbon % is (0.35-0.45). Which means, EN-8 steel having higher tensile strength. It is normally supplied in the cold drawn or as rolled condition. Tensile properties vary but usually between 500-800N/mm2.